Iceland is rich in hydropower as well as geothermal energy sources, which meet the need for household energy in the country. However, Icelanders must still import all energy for transportation, including the fuel for the fishing fleet, which is the country´s major source of greenhouse gas emission. Thus there are both direct financial and environmental incentives to find alternatives to conventional fossil fuel.
With increased environmental awareness, power plants and transport seek more sustainable solutions and the procedures adopted for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) need to be revised.
In this sector the ISS has focused on:
- Energy related constructions and improved EIA
- Transport with pylons or subterraneous cables
- Electricity and other alternative energy sources for transport
- Developing Sustainable Energy Indices
- Sustainability Assessment Protocol for Geothermal Utilization